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Understanding Chinese Pinyin: Syllable dividing mark(')

Most of Chinese words are consisted by two syllables. When the syllables started with the vowel "a", "o", "e" and link after the other syllable, if the syllable boundaries are easy to be confusion, need the syllable-dividing mark(') to separate the two syllables.

ku'ai(酷爱, ardently love) ←→ kuai(快, fast; quick)

shang'e(上腭, palate) ←→ shange(山歌, folk songs)

xi'an(西安. xi'an city, Capital of Shanxi Province) ←→ xian(先, earlier; before; first; in advance)

dang'an(档案, files) ←→ dangan(单干, go it alone )